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Acupuncture Demystified

By: Dr. Narda Robinson for Vetstreet

 

Acupuncture as a medical therapy has been used in humans for many years as a way of relieving pain and improving human health. Recently, it has also become increasingly utilized to help animals. As interest in veterinary acupuncture has grown, more and more practitioners have sought the specialized training needed in order to learn the various acupuncture points and how they relate to animals. Today, well over 2,000 U.S. veterinarians practice acupuncture in the United States.

When pet owners bring their animals to a veterinarian who practices acupuncture, the therapy is often employed to help with pain management, digestive support, nerve function and muscle relaxation, among other issues. One of the questions pet owners often ask is why veterinary acupuncturists choose the points that they do. Let's take a look at three frequently utilized points to find out what they do to enhance health and why they are located where they are.

Finding the Right Spot
Chinese medicine explained acupuncture by using metaphors related to the climate and the world at large. However, modern science clearly shows that acupuncture works through signals sent throughout the nervous system, no longer requiring a belief in imaginary energies and pseudoscience. Most Western physicians and veterinarians start by visualizing nerves, vessels and muscle tissue beneath the dots and lines of ancient acupuncture points and channels. That knowledge, coupled with an extensive background in anatomy and physiology, takes the guesswork out of acupuncture. In other words, whenever one inserts a needle at one of these important sites, the body responds in predictable ways that lessen pain, relax muscles, improve digestion and dissipate stress.

This brief tour of a few popular acupuncture points shows the connection between precise anatomical locations and the nervous system, so that acupuncture can become less of a mystery.

1. The Relaxation Point

 

 

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There is a point atop the head called “Hundred Convergences,” which promotes relaxation. The point’s descriptive name reflects the multiplicity of nerve branches found here. When activated, these nerves produce calming responses. They also improve brain oxygenation and blood flow. This photograph shows my cat resting comfortably in a quasi-meditative state while being needled at the Hundred Convergences site. When I lecture on the neurobiology of acupuncture to first-year veterinary students, they often ask if I will perform acupuncture on them right before an exam so they can feel calmer and sharper.

I inform them that while putting a needle or applying pressure on this spot might improve brain function before an exam, its relaxing influences might also make them sleepy. I instead tell them to massage this point the night before so that they can get a good night’s sleep prior to the test!

Where it is located on you: If you want to try your hand at massaging this acupuncture point on yourself, you can find the Hundred Convergences point an inch or two behind the highest point of your head on the midline. Some folks have a slight indentation here, which is natural. Most acupuncture sites occur in small depressions on the body.

 

 

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This dog is receiving electro-acupuncture.

2. A Rejuvenating and Soothing Point
There is a point along the back leg called "Leg Three Miles" that, along with an adjacent point, has received intensive research attention. Some claim that the name Leg Three Miles is due to the fact that needling this point may provide improved vigor and reduced fatigue, allowing an exhausted traveler in ancient times to carry on for three more miles.

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Acupuncture is being used to stimulate nerves to help a dog walk again.
This image illustrates needle placement on the Eight Winds points for a dog that had difficulty walking after a tumor compressed his spinal cord. Following the surgeon's removal of the mass, I stimulated the nerves at these sites in order to help him walk again.

Where it is located on you: These points can be found by massaging the thicker part of the webbed spaces in between your fingers and toes.
If you think acupuncture might help your pet, talk with your veterinarian.

Dr. Narda Robinson, who is both a veterinarian and a doctor of osteopathic medicine, is the country's leading authority on scientific complementary and alternative medicine. She is the director of Colorado State University's Center for Comparative and Integrative Pain Management. She is a frequent lecturer and the author of numerous scientific publications.

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